Title of study: A phenomenological examination of racial injustice in people of African descent
We would like to invite you to take part in a research study. Before you decide, you need to understand why the research is being done and what it will involve for you. Please take time to read the following information carefully. Please do ask me if there is anything which is not clear, or if you would like more
information, and take time to decide whether you would like to participate or not.
What is the purpose of the study?
My name is Guilaine Kinouani and, I am in the final stages of my Clinical Psychology Doctorate at Staffordshire University. I am conducting this study as part of my Doctoral thesis. The study aims to explore the experience of Black people in relation of racial injustice. And as part of that, how they respond to a vignette highlighting common experiences for black people.
Why have I been invited?
You have been invited because you identify as Black, Black British, Black African, Black Caribbean or ‘Black other’; have personally experienced or witnessed racial injustice. In the context of the study, racial injustice is intended to refer to ‘any act of injustice or unfair treatment towards Black people as individuals or as a group; carried out at interpersonal, institutional, societal or historical level which is influenced by race’.
You are a member or follower of an organisation, network or group which has circulated some information about this project. You may simply have seen some information about the project online.
You are considering taking part in the project.
Do I have to take part?
No, it is entirely up to you whether you decide to participate or not. If you do decide to participate you will be asked to sign a form to record your consent. Even if you do decide to take part, you are still free to withdraw from the study; without giving a reason; up to 7 days after your interview has been completed; after this point data analyses will start.
What will happen if I take part?
You will be asked to take part in one audio-recorded interview lasting around 1½ hours. The interview will be carried out via Skype and may take up to 2 hours. As part of the interview, you will be asked to comment on a vignette. A vignette is simply a short piece of text presenting a typical or interesting situation or event; which is used for discussion or training purposes.
In the interview; I will ask you to comment and give your impressions on the vignette. I will also ask you some questions about your personal experience of race inequality and racism; their context, the support you may have obtained or found useful and; any suggestion you may have in relation to supporting Black people who have witnessed or experienced racism. The interview will be audio recorded.
Following the interview, you will be given the opportunity to ask further questions about the research and; a chance to comment on the findings of the study. As the interview will take place via Skype, it will be up to you to decide where to be interviewed comfortably. Any venue which is quiet, has access to Skype equipment, the internet and; where you can be alone for the duration of the interview, would do. You may find your home the most suitable option.
I will ask that you please verify the accuracy of your interview transcription and, you will have the opportunity to comment on the study’s preliminary analyses, if you wish. I can send these to you by email or by post. You will normally have 7 days to send comments or feedback; but if you need a few extra days, please let me know.
What are the possible disadvantages of taking part?
Talking about your experiences and/or the vignette may at times be difficult. Some questions asked may make you feel uncomfortable. If you find some of the questions too upsetting, you do not have to answer them.
It is possible that participation in this study may cause emotional distress and anxiety in some individuals. As such, every participant will be provided with sources of potential support (a list of which will be provide to you). Please feel free to consult your GP, or if you are in therapy or receiving any psychological support; your therapist or counsellor.
You will also be free to contact any member of the research team to discuss any aspect of your experience.
If you have participated in this study and believe you may have suffered adverse effect on your psychological wellbeing, please contact the researcher who will be able to offer guidance. If you prefer, you may contact the study supervisors (see below).
What are the possible benefits of taking part?
We cannot promise that the study will help you personally. However, the research project will allow some time and space to share and reflect on issues of race and inequality. The study aims to explore these issues and provide data that will then be interpreted using psychological theories to understand your experience and that of other participants, it may be that the study helps psychology services better understand the needs of Black people.
What if there is a problem?
If you have any complaint about the way you have been dealt with during the study or any concern about any aspect of this study, you should ask to speak to the researcher who will do her best to answer your questions (Telephone number 07523607592; email: firstname.lastname@example.org). If you remain unhappy and wish to complain formally you can do so by contacting the project’s Research Supervisors.
Dr Helen Combes
Or Dr Joanna Bennett
Will my taking part in the study be kept confidential?
All information that is collected about you throughout the research will be kept strictly confidential. Your name and other identifying information will be kept securely and separately from your audio-recording and the subsequent data analysis.
Parts of the data collected by this research may be looked at by authorised persons from Staffordshire University (sponsoring organisation). Anonymised sections of the data collected may also be looked at by representatives from academic and professional assessment bodies to assess the quality of this doctoral research project. All will have a duty of confidentiality to you as a research participant.
Your audio recordings will be destroyed as soon as the researcher’s degree
has been conferred. Any data relating to your participation will be
kept for 10 years post research project submission in line with Staffordshire University research regulations, after which it will be destroyed by the University.
Are there any reasons where confidentiality may be breached?
My conduct as a researcher will be regulated by the British Psychological Society’s code of conduct which states that confidentiality may be restricted if you provide information that leads to sufficient concern about your safety or the safety of others at which point it may be necessary to inform an appropriate third party without formal consent. However, prior to this; the researcher’s project supervisors will be contacted to discuss any possible concerns, unless the delay would create a significant risk to life or health.
What will happen to the results of this research study?
The results will be written up in the form of a thesis for the purposes of gaining a
Doctoral qualification in Clinical Psychology. I will ask you if you would like to comment on the analysis of the interviews/ on the findings to help with the accuracy of the results. It would be helpful for me to get your feedback in a way to suit you e.g. by email or telephone. However, you do not have to get involved at this stage either. Your comments and response, if you wish to make them, will be included in the report, they will also be anonymised.
The findings of the study may be shared online and/or in print via academic publication and/or presentations or other reports. Findings will also be posted on the present project site. None of the participants will be identified in any dissemination or publication and all quotes used will be fully anonymised. You have the right to decline that I use quotes from your interview.
Who has reviewed the study?
All research undertaken by a Students and health professionals must be looked at by an independent group of people called a Research Ethics Committee. This is to protect your safety, rights, dignity and well-being. This study has been reviewed and given a favourable opinion by Staffordshire University Research Ethics Committee who have raised no objections on ethical grounds.
Further information and contact details
Should you have any further questions or any concern during the study please do
not hesitate to contact me, the researcher; or my research supervisors on the contact numbers/e-mails provided above.
If you are interested in potentially participating in this study please, send an email to email@example.com or give me a call on 07523607592 to arrange a chat or the interview at suitable time and place. If you are at all unsure and would like to discuss any aspect of the research, please do not hesitate to contact me with queries and questions.